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Winston Churchill

Page history last edited by PBworks 13 years, 7 months ago

Winston Churchill

 

-30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965

-statesman, author, prime minister of Great Britain from 1940-1945 and again from 1951-1955.

-His father was Lord Randolph Churchill and an American mother.

-Brief military career, became a Conservative member of Parliament in 1900.

-Churchill described himself as having a "speech impediment," which he consistently worked to overcome, he focused on fluency and tone.

-One of his most famous speeches is about "the Iron Curtain", a phrase previously used by the Nazi Party.

-In 1904, Churchill's dissatisfaction with the Conservatives had grown so strong that he crossed the floor to sit as a member of the Liberal Party.

-December 1905, Churchill became Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies. In 1908, Churchill was promoted to the Cabinet as President of the Board of Trade. In 1910, Churchill was promoted to the Home Secretary. In 1911, Churchill became First Lord of the Admiralty, a post he held into World War I. In 1917, Churchill was appointed Minister of Munitions, and two years later he became Secretary of State for War and Air.

-After the outbreak of the Second World War Churchill was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty and a member of the War Cabinet, just as he was in the first part of the First World War. The Navy sent out the signal: "Winston is back."

 

-At the beginning of the Cold War, he famously popularised the term "The Iron Curtain", which had been used before by Nazi leaders Hitler and Goebbels.

-He was re-elected to Prime Minister in 1951 before retiring again in 1955.

-Churchill laid in state after his death by the decree of the Queen, and a funeral was held at St. Paul's Cathedral.

Week 30: World War II IDs

 

 

Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Churchill at the Cairo Conference in 1943 Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Churchill at the Cairo Conference in 1943.

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