• If you are citizen of an European Union member nation, you may not use this service unless you are at least 16 years old.

  • Finally, you can manage your Google Docs, uploads, and email attachments (plus Dropbox and Slack files) in one convenient place. Claim a free account, and in less than 2 minutes, Dokkio (from the makers of PBworks) can automatically organize your content for you.


The Safavid Empire

Page history last edited by PBworks 13 years, 11 months ago

Week 20-21: Muslim Empires and Asian Transitions IDs


The Safavid Empire...It was GGRRRRRREAT!


  • The Safavid Empire was ruled by a family in Southeast Asia from 1501 to 1722
  • Controlled all parts of present day Iran, Iraq, Azerbijan, Turkmenistan, and Afghanistan
  • Made Shiah Islam the official religion of the empire
  • The name Safavid comes from Sheik Safi al-Din who formed a mystical religious order


Mysticism is the belief that God or truth can be known by individual insight rather than by reasoning or study


  • In 1501 Ismail became head of the order


* He declared himself shah (king) and claimed that he was a divine messiah

* His disciples were Turkic warriors known as Qizilbash (red heads)

* Ismail and his disciples conquered Persia

* The conquest marked the beginning of the Safavid Empire


Ismail I


  • Ismail expanded the empire for the next 13 years


* One of his expansions was the Ottoman Empire territory

* Tension between the two areas grew and the Ottomans turned back the Safavids at Chaldiran

* After the defeat Ismail withdrew from public life and never again led an army into battle


  • After Ismail the two greatest Safavid shahs were Tahmasb and Abbas I
  • Art, architecture, and literature flourished under then
  • Height of the empire came under Abbas I - he helped keep the Portuguese and Spanish from expanding into Islamic areas
  • The Safavid Empire declined when Abbas I died
  • Culture flourished under Safavid patronage; tilemaking, pottery, and textiles developed and great advances were made in miniature painting, bookbinding, decoration, and calligraphy
  • Ended in 1722 when a group of Afghan invaders from the east conquered the Safavid



* Ismail I 1501–1524

* Tahmasp I 1524–1576

* Ismail II 1576–1578

* Mohammed Khodabanda 1578–1587

* Abbas I 1587–1629

* Safi 1629–1642

* Abbas II 1642–1666

* Suleiman I 1666–1694

* Sultan Hoseyn I 1694–1722

* Tahmasp II 1722–1732

* Abbas III 1732–1736

* Suleiman II 1749–1750

* Ismail III 1750–1760


World Book



Link to home page



Comments (0)

You don't have permission to comment on this page.