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The Safavid Empire

Page history last edited by PBworks 13 years, 11 months ago

Week 20-21: Muslim Empires and Asian Transitions IDs

 

The Safavid Empire...It was GGRRRRRREAT!

 

  • The Safavid Empire was ruled by a family in Southeast Asia from 1501 to 1722
  • Controlled all parts of present day Iran, Iraq, Azerbijan, Turkmenistan, and Afghanistan
  • Made Shiah Islam the official religion of the empire
  • The name Safavid comes from Sheik Safi al-Din who formed a mystical religious order

 

Mysticism is the belief that God or truth can be known by individual insight rather than by reasoning or study

 

  • In 1501 Ismail became head of the order

 

* He declared himself shah (king) and claimed that he was a divine messiah

* His disciples were Turkic warriors known as Qizilbash (red heads)

* Ismail and his disciples conquered Persia

* The conquest marked the beginning of the Safavid Empire

 

Ismail I

 

  • Ismail expanded the empire for the next 13 years

 

* One of his expansions was the Ottoman Empire territory

* Tension between the two areas grew and the Ottomans turned back the Safavids at Chaldiran

* After the defeat Ismail withdrew from public life and never again led an army into battle

 

  • After Ismail the two greatest Safavid shahs were Tahmasb and Abbas I
  • Art, architecture, and literature flourished under then
  • Height of the empire came under Abbas I - he helped keep the Portuguese and Spanish from expanding into Islamic areas
  • The Safavid Empire declined when Abbas I died
  • Culture flourished under Safavid patronage; tilemaking, pottery, and textiles developed and great advances were made in miniature painting, bookbinding, decoration, and calligraphy
  • Ended in 1722 when a group of Afghan invaders from the east conquered the Safavid

 

Shahs

* Ismail I 1501–1524

* Tahmasp I 1524–1576

* Ismail II 1576–1578

* Mohammed Khodabanda 1578–1587

* Abbas I 1587–1629

* Safi 1629–1642

* Abbas II 1642–1666

* Suleiman I 1666–1694

* Sultan Hoseyn I 1694–1722

* Tahmasp II 1722–1732

* Abbas III 1732–1736

* Suleiman II 1749–1750

* Ismail III 1750–1760

Sources

World Book

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ismail_I

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Safavids

Link to home page

http://apwh.pbwiki.com/

http://apwh.pbwiki.com/Week%2020-21:%20Muslim%20Empires%20and%20Asian%20Transitions%20IDs

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