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Nationalism and ethnic violence

Page history last edited by PBworks 13 years, 1 month ago

 

Pride and Malevolence

 

Nationalism and Ethnic Violence

 

Weeks 32-35: Modern history IDs

The Ask.com definition of nationalism is- Devotion to the interests or culture of one's nation; the belief that nations will benefit from acting independently rather than collectively, emphasizing national rather than international goals; aspirations for national independence in a country under foreign domination. Fordham.edu contends that there are three different types of nationalism (cultural, liberal, and triumphal). Cultural nationalism is when the nation has a positive focus on identity. Liberal nationalism is when the nation has a basis for liberal democracy and triumphal nationalism is when the nation has a claim to superiority. Also, there are examples of positive nationalism, such as restoring national monuments and historical documents, and negative nationalism, such as the violence in Bosnia in the mid and late 90s. 

Ethnic Violence, as defined by the Encyclopedia of Dictionary.com, refers to violence that is predominantly motivated by causes and issues related to ethnic hatred. Good examples of groups who commit ethnic violence are the KKK, the Black Panthers, Combat 18, the Order and the Death Angels. Many times ethnic violence stems from xenophobia. Xenophobia is the fear and contempt of foreigners or different looking people. Other times it can stem from Ethnic Supremeism. One example of ethnic violence in the United States occurred Easter Sunday of 1813, the bloodiest single instance of ethnic violence in the Reconstruction era, happened in the manifestation of the Colfax massacre. It left at least 280 blacks dead.

 

 Racial Violence in Australia between Surfers and Arabs, 2005

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