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Monoculture-plantation agriculture-foreign economic dominance of Latin Am

Page history last edited by PBworks 14 years, 1 month ago
Monoculture
  • Monoculture is an agricultural term meaning that the crops are planted with the same growth results because of them being similar genetically. 
    • Ex: Grape vineyard, Apple orchards, Wheat field
  • The crops planted in a monocultural way have specific requirements needed for them to prosper since planting, maintenance, and harvesting can be or changed around some.
  • The plants produce greatly by being planted monoculturally becuase they are not pressured by other plants, making them more uniform.
  • Monoculture was popular but is now not done because it made such a surplus on farm crops that the prices of the crops went down, making people stop doing it.

 

Plantation Agriculture

  • Plantation agriculture is planting a crop intentionally on a larger scale, in order to make large profits and have high production.  Most plantations are used with trees and shrubs or bushes.
  • Plantations were used mainly in the South, where they had slaves to work on the plantations.  Crops such as tobacco and cotton were farmed on plantations.
  • Slaves were a big part of the success of plantation farming.  The slaves would be made to work on the farms, picking the cotton, or top and suckering the tobacco.  Anything that the plantation owners wanted the slaves to do, they were made to do it or they were severly beaten and treated harshly.

 

 

Foreign Economic Dominance of Latin America

  • The foreign dominance of Latin America was mainly due to farming and plantations.  Sugarcane plantations were prevalent in Latin America (Cuba and Brazil) and it was greatly sought after by people from around the world.  Fruits planted by the Latin American farmers also increased their economy, as well as finding gold in the area.  Gold was a rare material that was greatly wanted by everyone all over the world.  These land and plantation owners made big bucks by exporting all of these raw materials around the world to buyers.  To show just how much control the plantation owners and land owners had in Latin America, 85% of the land in Latin America was owned by 1% of the population.

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