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Joseph Stalin

Page history last edited by PBworks 13 years, 9 months ago

Week 29: Between the Wars IDs

 

Josef Stalin: Between the Wars

 

 

Rise to Power

 

  • Editor of the Pravda the Communist newspaper
  • Became the People's Commissar of Nationalities Affairs in 1917 (first government position)
  • On April 3, 1922, Stalin was made general secretary of the Central Committee of the All-Russian Communist Party
  • Lenin became wary of the power Stalin was amassing
  • Lenin died in January 1924 and Stalin governed the party alongside Kamenev and Zinoviev beside Trotsky and Bukharin
  • Stalin showed loyalty to Lenin, planning his funeral and making a speech of loyalty towards Lenin; this undermined Trotsky
  • Stalin slandered Trotsky
  • In 1927 his opponents were expelled from the party
  • He did not achieve absolute power until the Great Purge of 1936-38

 

Changes and the Great Purges

Link to Main Article - on great purges

 

  • Increased intelligence agencies
  • Introduced his "Five Years Plan" to industrialize and collectivize Russia (First Five Year Plan and the collectivization of agriculture)
  • Worked against Russian Orthodox church
  • Initiated the Great Purge of the 1930s to expel opposition and counter-revolutionists from the Communist Party
  • Held Moscow Trials to try former senior party leaders who were supposed saboteurs
  • Great Purges included terror, deportation, and executions

 

 

Josef Stalin

 

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