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Balfour Declaration

Page history last edited by PBworks 14 years, 6 months ago

Week 29: Btwn the Wars IDs

 

Balfour Declaration

 

of 1917

 

*November 2, 1917*

*Author:  Arthur James Balfour (Foreign Secretary)* 

*Received:  Lord Rothschild*

*Formal/classified policy statement*

*By British government*

*Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire in the aftermath of World War I*

*Simply a letter*

*Agreed on October 31, 1917*

*British government supported Zionist plans for a Jewish "national home" in Palestine*

*Nothing should be done which might prejudice the rights of existing communities there*

*Later included in Sèvres peace treaty w/ Turkey*

*Kept at British library*

 *Declaration Text:

Foreign Office,

November 2nd, 1917.

 

Dear Lord Rothschild,

I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty's Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet:

"His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country".

I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation.

 

Yours sincerely

Arthur James Balfour

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Division*

 

 

Balfour Declaration of 1926

*Named after Arthur Balfour (Earl of Balfour)*

*Report resulting from the 1926 Imperial Conference of British Empire*

*states United Kingdom and Dominions

"...are autonomous Communities within the British Empire, equal in status, in no way subordinate one to another in any aspect of their domestic or external affairs, though united by a common allegiance to the Crown, and freely associated as members of the British Commonwealth."*

*Report shouldn't be confused with Balfour Declaration of 1917 which Balfour, then British Foreign Secretary, communicated British government's support for a Jewish national home in Palestine*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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